Useful Drupal modules

Click on the module name for notes, comments, patches.
Recommendations (for and against) are my personal opinion only and may be out of date. Feel free to email with corrections/suggestions.

Why haven't you mentioned Drupal 9? As of December 2021 I've updated most of the sites I look after to Drupal 9 (experience: mixed). I haven't decided how to label future version compatibility as D10 will be coming soon as well. The upgrade_status module is superb. You're bound to have issues with composer. Also watch out for a nasty session headers bug with redirect_after_login.

(1 modules in list)
Module name or machine name
Any text in the notes
Name D8 Personally Tested Last Updated
Paragraphs (paragraphs) 2018-11-22

d.o. page

For those familiar with WordPress, this is the equivalent of the ACF repeater field.  You can create paragraph types, which are collections of one or more fields, and the user can add as many of them as they like.  So you could have distinct paragraph styles, e.g. with images aligned in a certain way, or a page consisting of parallax backgrounds etc.